Guduchi or Giloy is a famous Ayurvedic herb, used extensively in many Ayurvedic medicines for a wide variety of diseases. Its botanical name is Tinospora cordifolia Wall. ex Seringe.
Amruta / Amrita – it is one of the most used synonym. It means nectar. Many formulations use this name of Guduchi. Example: Amrutottara Kashaya.
Other synonyms are – Ayattha, Amravalli, Kundali, Guduchika, Chakrangi, Chakralakshana, Chandrahasa, Jivantika, Jwaranashini, Tantrika, Devanirmita, Dhara, Nagakanyaka, Bhishakpriya, Madhuparni, Somavalli, Vayastha, etc.
It is called as Giloy, Gulvel, Giloe in Hindi and Indian Tinospora in English.
References: Its references are found even in Vedas. It is a very ancient herb, still used for its medicinal properties.
Charaka has grouped Giloy in following groups of herbs –
Vayasthapana – group of rejuvenative herbs.
Daha prashamana – group of herbs that reduce burning sensation.
Trishna nigraha – group of herbs that mitigate excessive thirst.
Triptighna – that relieve early satiation.
Stanyashodhana – Group of herbs that cleanse breast milk.
Sushruta has classified this herb under – Guduchyadi, Patoladi, Valli Panchamoola, Kakolyadi and Aragvadhadi group of herbs.
Bhavaprakasha has grouped a set of herbs under Guduchi, called Guduchyadi group of herbs.
Botanical identification: Tinospora cordifolia and Tinospora malabarica are used in the name of Guduchi.
Qualities and medicinal properties of Guduchi –
Rasa – Taste - Kashaya (Astringent), Tikta (Bitter)
Vipaka - Taste conversion after digestion – Madhura – sweet
Guna – qualities - Laghu – Light to digest, Snigdha – Oily, Unctuous.
Veerya – Potency - Ushna – Hot
Karma – Functions - Guduchi is
Rasayani – Rejuvenative
Sangrahini – brings about absorptive nature to stomach and intestines, useful in malabsorption syndrome, diarrhoea.
Balya – improves strength
Agnideepani – Improves digestion power
Doshatrayahara – Balances Tridoshas – Vata, Pitta and Kapha
Amahara – relieves Ama – indigestion
Trut hara – relieves excessive thirst (as seen in fever)
Dahahara – relieves burning sensation in the body. Note that though Guduchi is Hot in potency, it helps to relieve burning sensation. This action is brought about by its Madhura Vipaka. (Sweet after-taste). Sweetness is coolant in nature.
Mehahara – useful in treatment of diabetes, urinary tract disorders.
Kasahara – Useful to relieve cough
Paunduhara – relieves anemia
kamala – Useful in treatment of jaundice and related diseases of liver
Kushta – Useful in skin diseases
Vatasra – Vatarakta – Useful in gout-arthritis
Jvara – Useful in fever. 90 % of Ayurvedic medicines for fever contain Guduchi as an essential ingredient.
Krimihara – useful to relieve intestinal worms.
Vamihara – useful to relieve vomiting.
Prameha – useful in diabetes and urinary tract disorders
Shwasa – useful in difficulty in breathing, (dyspnoea), asthma, Bronchitis
kasa – Cough, cold
Arsha – Piles, hemorrhoids
Krichra – Difficulty in passing urine
Hrudroga – vatanut – Useful in heart diseases with Vata symptoms such as pain.
Part used: Most used part is stem. Almost all the pharmacies use stem of Guduchi. Leaves and areal roots are also used for medicinal purpose.
Interesting fact: The areal roots of Guduchi are so thin yet so strong that, Sushruta used to use this for suturing surgical wounds. This had duel benefits. One was – the thread were very strong so, there was no chance of wound rupture. Second is, Guduchi has potent wound healing property. Hence wound healing used to happen very quickly.
Guduchi Dosage: Stem powder – 3 – 6 grams per day, in divided dose
Water decoction – 15 – 60 ml per day, in divided dosage
There is a special extraction technique for Guduchi, called as Guduchi Satva. It is useful in fever. Read more about Guduchi Satva
Chemical properties and pharmacology Guduchi is highly rich in anti oxidants. It has wound healing property, antipyretic (fever- reducing) and anti-viral properties.
Its immunomodulatory action is also well documented.
Its anti inflammatory property makes it an essential ingredient in the treatment of rheumatoid conditions.
It is the herb of choice in the management of Vatarakta – gout.
More on Pharmacology
Side effects and precautions:
It is a very good herb for diabetes. But if you are taking other medicines, it may further lower the blood glucose levels. Hence people with diabetes should take this herb only under medical supervision.
It’s usage in pregnancy should be monitored under strict medical supervision. It is used in post-natal care and in Children.
Home remedies using Guduchi -